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Introduction:- Bir Lachit Barphukan was an excellent general who fought against the Mughals. He was born in 1622 within the name of Pragjyotishpur. He had very successful military career and is credited with driving out the good Mughals Assam. His popularity rose at the Battle of Saraighat in 1671.At that point Ahom king Pratab Singha appointed Lachit Baphukan. Commander-in-Chief of the Ahom Army. In the battle of Saraighat, Lachit proved his patriotism and devotion to his own country (Ahom Kingdom). to guard his country, he even beheaded his own uncle. He employed his uncle to supervise the development of an earthen wall for fortifications while preparing for battle.
When Lachit received the work site for inspection, he found that the work not progress. The barrier was completed during that night, but remained the fortifications are still waiting. When asked to elucidate , the uncle said fatigue from work, and Lachit became enraged at his carelessness. Lachit Barphukan his uncle with a sword and said: Dexot koi Mumai Dangor Nohoi (my uncle isn’t more precious than my own country).
The day before the battle he had erected a substantial line of sand and earth block the way. This was in order that the Mughals could be forced to pass throughwaterways of the Brahmaputras river. As a results of their superior naval fighting capabilities, flowing streams isolated the Mughals thanks to mud and mudslides.The Ahoms had a plus . The climate was more familiar to Ahom soldiers. The Mughals suffered heavy losses thanks to their extensive guerilla warfare. Ram Singh called these operations -thieves’ affairs. The doctors asked Lachito to not go to the battlefield at the crucial stage war. It had been because he was very ill. because the Mughal army advanced and Lachit’s health deteriorated, the morale of the Ahom army also deteriorated.
Eventually, Lachit realized that his health was smaller than his duty to protect his people.
The next day, during the ultimate battle. He rested as he lay on the bed. Some soldiers said that they had lost faith in him. He the aim was to stay the passion of the soldiers alive. His patriotic struggle within the 17th century saved Assam from capture by the Mughal emperor Aurangageb. When he ordered his fellows to board his bed on the ship to the battlefield. Like as a results of his ill health, he died shortly after the top of the battle. Its supreme leader applauded Senapati Lachit Borphukan of Assam. Swargadeo Udayaditya Singha built the Lachit Maidam at Hoolungapara 16 km from Jorhat in 1672 as his final resting place for Lachit Borphukan .Assam celebrates Lachit Devas per annum to commemorate the heroism of Lachit Barphukans and the victory of the Ahom army at Saraighat on 24 November.
Lachit’s patriotism, bravery, conscientiousness and determination shone through history of Assam, within the face of retreat from the mighty Manghal army. Lachit also succeeded in restoring and maintaining the liberty of his country and people.